217. Kapp & Peterson’s Early French-Made Figural Briars

217. Kapp & Peterson’s Early French-Made Figural Briars

I’m pleased to present the research of Sébastien Canévet on Kapp & Peterson’s early figural briars. The Dublin firm wanted to offer as many options as possible to its original customers, but in the factory made only meerschaums and briars. We know Charles Peterson and probably Jimmy Malone also made custom or artisan pipes as well (a tradition that continued until the early 1990s), and that companion cases were custom-made in the factory. But cherrywood, bog oak, clay, gourd calabash and figural briars were all outsourced and then finished with  bands and K&P stamps at the factory. Clays and figural briars were both originally outsourced for production to France.

Kapp & Peterson’s Early French-Made Figural Briars
by Sébastien Canévet

I’ve never seen any sculptured Peterson pipes in person. I only have pictures and drawings. There’s only one photograph of a signed Peterson in my possession: the mustachioed gentleman seen below, Vercingétorix, a well known character in French history who struggled against Julius Caesar in the 1st century B.C. I know it’s a real Peterson because of the hallmark.

Vercingétorix

We know Charles Peterson visited the Saint Claude pipe factories in France for professional reasons on a regular basis. I’m lucky enough to own several nice sculptured French pipes from Saint Claude, and I have a bit of knowledge about them, so when I saw this photo of Vercingétorix for the first time in The Peterson Pipe: the Story of Kapp & Peterson I was pretty sure it was in fact a French Production.

This pipe was made by Louis Lamberthod with a machine of his own invention which was able to duplicate figurative pipes. A large original model in zamac (a zinc aluminum alloy also known as zamak) was used to duplicate fourteen pipes simultaneously. The result was a roughed-out which was then finished by hand. The machine reduces the work time by a quarter.

Below you can see the zamac model (15 inches high), a pipe signed Lamberthod and the same with the Peterson hallmark.

Lamberthod model in zamac

Lamberthod (signed) Peterson (signed): Hallmark “c” for 1918

The archives of the Lamberthod factory have disappeared, so I can’t search for any letters or bills about Peterson, but I have no doubt about the origin of the Peterson Vercingétorix. Two other sculptured pipes are illustrated on the cover of the 1896 catalog [forthcoming in a digital restoration from Briar Books Press in 2021]:

These also could be Lamberthod productions, but there’s no way to be sure without a physical hallmarked specimen to document it.

This model in plaster is of a dog with an open mouth, yet very similar:

I also own a pipe signed Lamberthod with a similar shape:

Two solutions are possible: the drawing on the cover could simply be inaccurate or it could be a pipe from another pipe maker.

In my opinion, the dog on the K&P catalog looks more like another Saint-Claude production: the dog of Joseph Dalloz. The zamac model still exists:

Louis Dalloz’s zamac model

It’s not difficult to theorize that on his visits to Saint-Claude, Charles Peterson was able to choose from the productions of several different pipe makers for figural briars. Louis Lamberthod opened his factory around 1895 and it remained in operation until his death.  Joseph Dalloz began production much earlier, circa 1865 and ran it until his death in 1904. His nephew Dalloz-Dessertine inherited the business and continued to produce the same models until the outbreak of World War II.

The Dalloz Machine

The two machines of Dalloz and Lamberthod still exist. The first one was build around 1865 by Dalloz and is to be found today at the Musée de la pipe de Saint-Claude. The second machine was build by Louis Lamberthod 30 years later.

Dalloz Machine

The machines work on the same principle as a pantograph, which is an instrument for copying a drawing or plan on a different scale by a system of hinged and jointed rods. A “sensor” takes the shape on the large zamac model and reproduces it on several blocks of briar at the same time.

After Monsieur Roger Vincent, who is the last pipe maker with the title of “meilleur ouvrier de France” (a rare title given only to the very finest craftsmen), the machine cuts 25 percent of the work time. After the work on the machine, the briar block has the basic shape of the finished pipe, but still needs a lot of manual work.

In the picture above, we can see the different stages required to reach the final result.

Lamberthod Machine

This drawing shows Joseph Dalloz working on his machine circa 1880:

And here are several zamac models:

And here is Louis Lamberthaud, circa 1900:

And his own machine, inspired by the Dalloz invention:

Many thanks to
Sébastien Canévet
for sharing his research about K&P’s early history

Banner and select photos of the Vercingétorix
courtesy Gary Malmberg, Secondhand Smokes

Last call to earn your Certified Pete Geek certificate!
Follow the directions HERE
before 12:01 Thursday morning.

 

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Martin
Martin
11 days ago

Wow what unbelievable cravtmanship, and machine building. So now I go to work where I have to push just 3 or 5 buttons.

Andy Camire
Andy Camire
10 days ago

During my career as a mold maker/machinist/engineer I have used pantographs and duplicators extensively and it’s incredibly interesting to see the antique and first makes of those machines in this article. What a treasure to own a figural briar made in this fashion with a Peterson Stamp on it and a sterling band with hallmarks as well. Thanks for sharing more valuable history of the Peterson Company and explaining where these pipes originated, from the birthplace of briar pipe making. Saint Claude, France.

Sébastien Canévet
10 days ago
Reply to  Andy Camire

It’s a pleasure for me to share my research about these figurale pipes. I’ll return to visit the Saint Claud museum next summer, and I’ll try to found more information about that.

Erik Millqvist
Erik Millqvist
10 days ago

This is very interesting to read about, those are proper machines!

Troy
Troy
9 days ago

This reminds me of how they make keys. I didn’t even know these existed. Just to think that there may be some of these pipes out there sitting somewhere having not been touched for decades. Even a 1/4 of the time cut down I’m sure it was a huge cost saving in labor and man hours. Is there an estimate on how long it would have taken start to finish?

Sébastien Canévet
4 days ago
Reply to  Troy

After Monsieur Roger Vincent (a famous French pipemaker), a good craftman can make 3 or sometime 4 pipes each day for a basic finish but only 1 (rarely 2) for a high grad work.
Here are two pipes by Roger Vincent, someone can easily see the difference.

Vercingétorix-vincent2-ter-mini.jpg
Marlowe
Marlowe
6 days ago

A fascinating read. Thank you. I find it difficult to get my head around the design and production of a machine like that.

Sébastien Canévet
4 days ago
Reply to  Mark Irwin

Of course yes, but as far as I know, the machine in the Saint-Claude museum doesn’t work no more. I’ll ask to the curator when I visit museum.